VC BY REGIMENT
VC BY REGIMENT
The aim of the Gallery Solace Great War 1914-1918 site is to re-engage younger generations to the selfless sacrifices that their equivalent generation of a hundred years ago made in the name of their Sovereign and Country. Although we look back at the past we are also mindful of the present and are well aware of those same traits in today’s serving military personnel. On these pages we marry up the Regimental Honours of the Great War with the Regiments Charities. If you would like to know more on the Charities or to donate to them just click on the links.
THE ROYAL MARINES
The Corps of Royal Marines, the infantry land fighting element of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy, was formed as part of the Naval Service in 1755. However, it can trace its origins back as far as 1664, when English soldiers first went to sea to fight the Dutch.
During World War I, in addition to their usual stations aboard ship, Royal Marines were part of the Royal Naval Division which landed in Belgium in 1914 to help defend Antwerp and later took part in the amphibious landing at Gallipoli in 1915. The Royal Marines also served on the Western Front in the trenches
The Honourable Artillery Company
Incorporated by Royal Charter in 1537 by King Henry VIII. Today it is a Registered Charity whose purpose is to attend to the “better defence of the realm". Three infantry battalions and seven artillery batteries were raised for service during the First World War. Two 2nd Lieutenants of the 1st Battalion, Reginald Leonard Haine and Alfred Oliver Pollard, were awarded Victoria Crosses for their actions at Gavrelle in 1917. The Company suffered 1,600 killed.
Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Formerly the 3rd Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army until 1961. It had a history dating back to 1572 and was one of the oldest regiments in the British Army being third in order of precedence (ranked as the 3rd Regiment of the line). It provided distinguished service over a period of almost four hundred years accumulating one hundred and sixteen battle honours. Following a series of amalgamations since 1961 its lineage is today continued by the Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment. For service in World War I, nine battalions were raised:
At the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, the regiment consisted of three battalions. With the commencement of hostilities the regiment raised a service battalion, the 4th Battalion, and a reserve battalion known as the 5th (Reserve) Battalion, which was used to carry out ceremonial duties in London and Windsor during the war. The 1st and 2nd Battalions of the regiment were the first to be sent to France, and took part in the early stages of the fighting during the period known as "Race to the Sea", during which time they were involved significantly at the First Battle of Ypres. In February 1915, a fifth Guards regiment was raised, known as the Welsh Guards. In recognition of the significant contribution Welshmen had made to the Grenadier Guards, the regiment transferred five officers and 634 other ranks to the newly formed unit. A short time later, permission was received for the formation of the Guards Division, the brainchild of Lord Kitchener, and on 18 August 1915, the division came into existence, consisting of three brigades, each with four battalions Following this the four service battalions of the regiment fought in a number of significant battles including Loos, the Somme, Cambrai, Arras and the Hindenburg Line. Seven members of the regiment received the Victoria Cross during the war
At the outbreak of the First World War, Coldstreamers were among the first British regiments to arrive in France after Britain declared war on Germany. In the following battles, they suffered heavy losses, in two cases losing all their officers. At the first Battle of Ypres the 1st battalion was virtually annihilated – by 1 November down to 150 men and the Lt Quartermaster. They fought in Mons, Loos, Somme, Ginchy and in the 3rd Battle of Ypres.
By establishing an informed and diverse network from the business community, with dedicated links to, and interest in, issues affecting the Royal Marines.We aim to provide each individual facing the challenge of forging a new life outside the Corps with a pool of expertise and excellence from which advice, mentors and support can be drawn
The Gordon Highlanders
A British Army infantry regiment from 1794 until 1994. The regiment took its name from the Clan Gordon and recruited principally from Aberdeen and the North-East of Scotland. The Gordons raised 21 battalions in the First World War, serving on the Western Front and in Italy and winning 65 battle honours. The regiment lost 1,000 officers and 28,000 men during the war.
Royal Army Medical Corps
The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all British Army personnel and their families in war and in peace. Together with the Royal Army Veterinary Corps, the Royal Army Dental Corps and Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps, the RAMC forms the British Army's essential Army Medical Services.
The RAMC does not carry a Regimental Colour or Queen's Colour, although it has a Regimental Flag. Nor does it have battle honours, as elements of the corps have been present in almost every single war the army has fought. Because it is not a fighting arm, under the Geneva Conventions, members of the RAMC may only use their weapons for self-defence.
(Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) was formed during the Childers Reforms in 1881 from the amalgamation of the 45th (Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot and the 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot. The new regiment also included the militia and rifle volunteer units of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Following a series of mergers since 1970, its lineage is today continued by the 2nd battalion, the Mercian Regiment. During the First World War the Sherwood Foresters raised 33 battalions, of which 20 served overseas. This was mainly on the Western Front, but also in Gallipoli, Italy, and the Middle East. Over 140,000 men served in the regiment, which lost 11,400 killed.
King's Royal Rifle Corps
In World War I the KRRC was expanded to twenty-two battalions and saw much action on the Western Front, Macedonia and Italy. Over 12,000 soldiers of the regiment were killed while seven members were nominated and received the Victoria Cross and over 2,000 further decorations were awarded. After 1918 the unit returned to garrison duties in India, Palestine and Ireland.
The regiment, like most British regiments in the war, sent the majority of its battalions to the Western Front. During the Battle of the Somme there were eleven battalions of the regiment that saw action in the campaign including three Pals battalions (The Salford Pals) and three Bantam battalions. At the main landings at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915, six Victoria Crosses were awarded to 1st Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers. This is sometimes referred to as 'the six VCs before breakfast'. The famous fantasy author J. R. R. Tolkien served in this regiment from 1915 until contracting "trench fever" during the Battle of the Somme in October 1916.